ROYAL CARIBBEAN GROUP REPORTS 2022 RESULTS AND PROVIDES FORWARD GUIDANCE

ROYAL CARIBBEAN GROUP REPORTS 2022 RESULTS AND PROVIDES FORWARD GUIDANCE

MIAMI, Feb. 7, 2023 /PRNewswire/ — Royal Caribbean Group (NYSE: RCL) today reported fourth quarter 2022 Loss per Share of $(1.96) and Adjusted Loss per Share of $(1.12). These results exceeded the company’s guidance due to better pricing on close-in demand, strong onboard spend, favorable timing of operating costs, and lower interest expense.

“2022 was a pivotal year as we successfully returned our business to full operations and delivered memorable vacation experiences to 6 million guests,” said Jason Liberty, president and chief executive officer, Royal Caribbean Group. “We also returned to positive Adjusted EBITDA and Operating Cash Flow by consistently growing revenue and controlling costs. Our teams have worked tirelessly to deliver the best vacation experiences, responsibly, and we are grateful for their extraordinary efforts.”

“We are experiencing a record-breaking WAVE season, resulting in a booked position approaching previous record highs and at higher prices. This, along with the normalization of our booking window, provides the visibility for us to provide annual guidance, which is in line with our Trifecta program,” added Liberty. “The combination of our industry-leading global brands, most innovative fleet, nimble sourcing and our continued focus on profitability positions us well to deliver record yields and Adjusted EBITDA in 2023.”

Financial Highlights & Outlook

Fourth Quarter 2022:

  • Load Factors were in line with guidance at 95%, with Caribbean sailings reaching 100%, and holiday sailings close to 110%.
  • Total revenues per passenger cruise day were up 3.5% as-reported and 4.5% in Constant Currency, compared to the fourth quarter of 2019.
  • Total revenues were $2.6 billion, Net Loss was $(500.2) million or $(1.96) per share, Adjusted Net Loss was $(284.9) million or $(1.12) per share, and Adjusted EBITDA was $409.3 million.

Full Year 2022:

  • Load Factors were 85% overall, full fleet back in operation since June of 2022.
  • Total revenues were $8.8 billion, Net Loss was $(2.2) billion or $(8.45) per share, Adjusted Net Loss was $(1.9) billion or $(7.50) per share, and Adjusted EBITDA was $711.6 million.

Full Year 2023 Outlook:

  • The company is experiencing a record-breaking WAVE season, driven by strong demand. The seven biggest booking weeks in the company’s history have occurred since the last earnings call in November 2022.
  • 2023 cumulative booked position remains well within historical ranges for all quarters and at record rates. North America based itineraries are booked in line with 2019 for the full year, and ahead for the second quarter through the fourth quarter.
  • Net Yields are expected to increase 2.5% to 4.5% in both as-reported and in Constant Currency versus 2019. Net Yields are expected to ramp up as load factors reach historical levels by late spring.
  • The company continues to successfully manage costs in a complicated environment with Net Cruise Costs (NCC), excluding Fuel, per APCD expected to increase 4.5% to 5.5% as-reported and 4.75% to 5.75% in Constant Currency compared to 2019, a three-year old benchmark, and include approximately 210 basis points from lingering transitional costs (e.g. crew movement) and additional structural costs (e.g. full year operations of Perfect Day at CocoCay and the new Galveston terminal).
  • The company expects to exceed prior record Adjusted EBITDA, achieved in 2019.
  • The company expects Adjusted Earnings per Share in the range of $3.00 to $3.60.

First Quarter 2023 Outlook:

  • Net Yields are expected to increase 0.5% to 1.5% as-reported and 1% to 2% in Constant Currency compared to 2019, with load factors reaching 100% and total revenues per passenger cruise day up in the mid-to-high single digit range in both as-reported and Constant Currency compared to 2019.
  • NCC, excluding Fuel, per APCD is expected to increase approximately 8.3% as-reported and approximately 8.5% in Constant Currency, compared to 2019, including 320 basis points of lagging transitional costs, additional structural costs, and timing of expenses.
  • Adjusted Loss per Share is expected to be in the range of $(0.65)$(0.85).

Fourth Quarter 2022 Results

The company reported Net Loss for the fourth quarter of 2022 of $(0.5) billion or $(1.96) per share compared to Net Loss of $(1.4) billion or $(5.33) per share for the same period in the prior year. Adjusted Net Loss was $(0.3) billion or $(1.12) per share for the fourth quarter of 2022 compared to Adjusted Net Loss of $(1.2) billion or $(4.78) per share for the same period in the prior year.

Fourth quarter Load Factors were in line with guidance at 95%, with Caribbean sailings reaching 100%. Total revenues per passenger cruise day were up 3.5% as-reported and 4.5% in Constant Currency versus the fourth quarter of 2019 due to strong pricing on close-in demand and continued strength in onboard revenues.

Gross Cruise Costs per APCD increased 4.9% as-reported and 5.8% in Constant Currency, compared to the fourth quarter of 2019. NCC, excluding Fuel, per APCD increased 3.9% as-reported and 4.7% in Constant Currency, compared to the fourth quarter of 2019. Gross Cruise Costs per APCD and NCC, excluding Fuel, per APCD for the fourth quarter included $1.23 per APCD related to health protocols and one-time lagging costs related to fleet ramp up. The Group expects transitory costs related to health protocols and ramp up of operations to be largely gone in 2023 as the majority of crew have returned and protocols have eased. In the fourth quarter, the company continued to benefit from multiple actions taken to reshape its cost structure and to help partially offset inflationary and supply chain challenges.

“Fourth quarter results reflect the continued strong demand for our vacation experiences and our teams’ ability to manage costs in a complicated environment while staying focused on delivering the best vacation experiences expected by our guests,” said Naftali Holtz, chief financial officer, Royal Caribbean Group. “The benefit from multiple actions we have taken during the last few years to improve margins continue to yield results, as we focus on executing our proven formula of moderate yield growth and strong cost controls.”

The company recorded a loss contingency of $130 million in the fourth quarter related to a Helms-Burton Act claim which the company continues to vigorously defend.

Full Year 2022 Results

For the full year, the company reported Net Loss of $(2.2) billion or $(8.45) per share compared to Net Loss of $(5.3) billion or $(20.89) per share in the prior year. The company also reported Adjusted Net Loss of $(1.9) billion or $(7.50) per share for the full year 2022 compared to Adjusted Net Loss of $(4.8) billion or $(19.19) per share in the prior year.

Update on Bookings

The company is very encouraged about the demand environment for 2023. Booking volumes in the fourth quarter were significantly higher than the corresponding period in 2019, culminating in record booking weeks for the Group for both Black Friday and Cyber Monday.  Momentum continues into early 2023 and the company is experiencing a record-breaking WAVE season. Overall, the seven biggest booking weeks in the company’s history have occurred since the middle of November 2022, including the first five weeks of WAVE. The booking window has continued to move back to normal, providing further confidence in forward looking business, as guests plan for the future. Consumer spending onboard and pre-cruise purchases continue to exceed prior years driven by greater participation at higher prices, indicating quality and healthy future demand.

The cumulative booked position remains well within historical ranges at record rates and has improved significantly since November. North America sailings, many of which visit Perfect Day at CocoCay, are leading the way and are booked in line with record 2019 levels for the full year and ahead for the second quarter through the fourth quarter. Bookings for European itineraries have been accelerating during WAVE and are now higher than 2019.

“Leisure travel strength continues as consumer spend is shifting towards experiences, with cruising remaining an attractive value proposition,” said Liberty. “The quality demand trends further exhibit the strength of our brands and the growing propensity to cruise.”

As of December 31, 2022, the Group’s customer deposit balance was at a record $4.2 billion

Fuel Expense

Bunker pricing, net of hedging, for the fourth quarter was $694 per metric ton and consumption was 422,000 metric tons.   

The company does not forecast fuel prices and its fuel cost calculations are based on current at-the-pump prices, net of hedging impacts.  Based on today’s fuel prices, the company has included $294 million of fuel expense in its first quarter guidance at a forecasted consumption of 412,500 which is 57% hedged via swaps. Forecasted consumption is 55% hedged via swaps for full year 2023 and is 10% hedged via swaps for 2024. The annual average cost per metric ton of the hedge portfolio is approximately $583 for 2023 and $826 for 2024. The higher average hedged cost in 2024 is driven primarily by the hedged fuel mix, with 2024 currently hedged with Marine Gas Oil (“MGO”) swaps, while 2023 is hedged fairly evenly between MGO and Intermediate Fuel Oil (“IFO”) swaps.

The company provided the following guidance for the first quarter and full year 2023: 

FUEL STATISTICS

First Quarter 2023

Full Year 2023

Fuel Consumption (metric tons)

412,500

1,654,000

Fuel Expenses

Approx. $294 million

Approx. $1,141 million

Percent Hedged (fwd. consumption)

57.0 %

55.0 %







GUIDANCE

As-Reported

Constant Currency




First Quarter 2023




Net Yields vs. 2019

 0.5% to 1.5%

1% to 2%

Net Cruise Costs per APCD vs. 2019

Approx. 14.7%

Approx. 14.9%

Net Cruise Costs per APCD ex. Fuel vs. 2019

Approx. 8.3%

Approx. 8.5%




Full Year 2023




Net Yields vs. 2019

 2.5% to 4.5%

 2.5% to 4.5%

Net Cruise Costs per APCD vs. 2019

9.7% to 10.7%

9.8% to 10.8%

Net Cruise Costs per APCD ex. Fuel vs. 2019

4.5% to 5.5%

4.75% to 5.75%




GUIDANCE

First Quarter 2023

Full Year 2023

APCDs

11.2 million

47 million

Capacity change  vs. 2019

14.0 %

14.0 %

Depreciation and amortization

Approx. $360 million

$1,470 to $1,490 million

Net Interest, excluding loss on extinguishment of debt

$330 to $340 million

$1,310 to $1,350 million

Adjusted EPS

$(0.65) to $(0.85)

$3.00 to $3.60







SENSITIVITY

First Quarter 2023

Full Year 2023

1% Change in Currency

$3 million

$15 million

1% Change in Net Yields

$22 million

$102 million

1% Change in NCC excluding Fuel

$14 million

$55 million

100 basis pt. Change in LIBOR/SOFR

$5 million

$34 million

10% Change in Fuel prices

$29 million

$114 million



Exchange rates used in guidance calculations


GBP

$1.23


AUD

$0.71


CAD

$0.75


EUR

$1.09


Liquidity and Financing Arrangements

As of December 31, 2022, the Group’s liquidity position was $2.9 billion, which includes cash and cash equivalents, undrawn revolving credit facility capacity, and a $700 million commitment for a 364-day term loan facility.

During the fourth quarter, the company repaid $0.6 billion of debt maturities and closed on the refinancing of $2.0 billion of secured and guaranteed debt previously due June 2023.  Additionally, in January 2023, the company extended $2.3 billion of its existing revolving credit facility commitment to April 2025.

The company noted that as of December 31, 2022, and taking into effect the extension of the credit facilities, the scheduled debt maturities for 2023, 2024, 2025 and 2026 were $2.1 billion, $2.6 billion, $5.7 billion and $2.8 billion, respectively.  Approximately 75% of the company’s debt is tied to fixed interest rates.

Capital Expenditures and Capacity Guidance

Capital expenditures for the full-year 2023 are expected to be approximately $4.1 billion, based on current foreign exchange rates and are predominantly related to the company’s new ship order book. The company expects to take delivery of three new ships in 2023 including Icon of the Seas, Celebrity Ascent and Silver Nova. All ship orders have committed financing in place. Non-new ship related capital expenditures are expected to be $0.5 billion. Capacity changes for 2023 are expected to be 14% compared to 2019. Capacity changes for 2024, 2025 and 2026 are expected to be 10%, 5%, and 6%, respectively. These figures do not include potential ship sales or additions that the company may elect in the future.

Conference call scheduled

The company has scheduled a conference call at 10 a.m. Eastern Time today.  This call can be heard, either live or on a delayed basis, on the company’s investor relations website at www.rclinvestor.com.

Definitions

Selected Operational and Financial Metrics

Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure that represents EBITDA (as defined below) excluding certain items that we believe adjusting for is meaningful when assessing our profitability on a comparative basis. For the 2022 and 2021 periods, these items included (i) other expenses, which includes the estimate of amounts payable in connection with ongoing Havana Docks litigation recorded in 2022; (ii) impairment and credit losses; (iii) restructuring charges and other initiative expenses; (iv) equity investment asset impairments; (v) net insurance recoveries related to the collapse of the drydock structure at the Grand Bahama Shipyard involving Oasis of the Seas; (vi) Pullmantur reorganization settlement; and (vii) the net gain recognized in 2021 in relation to the sale of the Azamara brand.

Adjusted Net Income (Loss) is a non-GAAP measure that represents net income (loss) excluding certain items that we believe adjusting for is meaningful when assessing our performance on a comparative basis. For the 2022 and 2021 periods presented, these items included (i) gain or loss on the extinguishment of debt; (ii) the amortization of non-cash debt discount on our convertible notes; (iii) the estimated cash refunds expected to be paid to Pullmantur guests as part of the Pullmantur S.A. reorganization in 2020; (iv) impairment and credit losses; (v) equity investment asset impairments; (vi) net insurance recoveries related to the collapse of the drydock structure at the Grand Bahama Shipyard involving Oasis of the Seas; (vii) restructuring charges and other initiative expenses; (viii) the amortization of the Silversea Cruises intangible assets resulting from the Silversea Cruises acquisition in 2018; (ix) the net gain recognized in 2021 in relation to the sale of the Azamara brand; (x) the net loss recognized in the fourth quarter of 2021 related to the elimination of the three-month reporting lag for Silversea Cruises; and (xi) the estimated amounts that may be payable in relation to the ongoing Havana Docks litigation.

Adjusted Earnings (Loss) per Share (“Adjusted EPS”) is a non-GAAP measure that represents Adjusted Net Income (Loss) (as defined below) divided by weighted average shares outstanding or by diluted weighted average shares outstanding, as applicable. We believe that this non-GAAP measure is meaningful when assessing our performance on a comparative basis.

Available Passenger Cruise Days (“APCD”) is our measurement of capacity and represents double occupancy per cabin multiplied by the number of cruise days for the period, which excludes canceled cruise days and cabins not available for sale. We use this measure to perform capacity and rate analysis to identify our main non-capacity drivers that cause our cruise revenue and expenses to vary.

Constant Currency is a significant measure for our revenues and expenses, which are denominated in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar.  Because our reporting currency is the U.S. Dollar, the value of these revenues and expenses in U.S. Dollar will be affected by changes in currency exchange rates. Although such changes in local currency prices are just one of many elements impacting our revenues and expenses, it can be an important element. For this reason, we also monitor our revenues and expenses in “Constant Currency” – i.e., as if the current period’s currency exchange rates had remained constant with the comparable prior period’s rates. For the 2022 periods presented, we calculate “Constant Currency” by applying the average 2019 or Q3 2022 period exchange rates for each of the corresponding months of the reported and/or forecasted period, so as to calculate what the results would have been had exchange rates been the same throughout both periods. We do not make predictions about future exchange rates and use current exchange rates for calculations of future periods. It should be emphasized that the use of Constant Currency is primarily used by us for comparing short-term changes and/or projections. Over the longer term, changes in guest sourcing and shifting the amount of purchases between currencies can significantly change the impact of the purely currency-based fluctuations.

EBITDA  is a non-GAAP measure that represents net income (loss) excluding (i) interest income; (ii) interest expense, net of interest capitalized; (iii) depreciation and amortization expenses; and (iv) income tax benefit or expense. We believe that this non-GAAP measure is meaningful when assessing our operating performance on a comparative basis.

Occupancy (“Load Factor”), in accordance with cruise vacation industry practice, is calculated by dividing Passenger Cruise Days (as defined below) by APCD. A percentage in excess of 100% indicates that three or more passengers occupied some cabins.

Passenger Cruise Days represent the number of passengers carried for the period multiplied by the number of days of their respective cruises.

Gross Cruise Costs represent the sum of total cruise operating expenses plus marketing, selling and administrative expenses.

Net Cruise Costs (“NCC”) and NCC excluding Fuel are non-GAAP measures that represent Gross Cruise Costs excluding commissions, transportation and other expenses and onboard and other expenses and, in the case of Net Cruise Costs excluding Fuel, fuel expenses. For the 2022 and 2019 periods presented, Net Cruise Costs and Net Cruise Costs excluding Fuel exclude (i) restructuring charges and other initiative expenses; (ii) the transaction and integration costs related to the Silversea Cruises acquisition; and (iii) the costs, net of insurance recoveries, related to the Grand Bahama drydock structure incident involving Oasis of the Seas. In measuring our ability to control costs in a manner that positively impacts net income, we believe changes in Net Cruise Costs and Net Cruise Costs excluding Fuel to be the most relevant indicators of our performance.

Gross Margin Yield represent Gross Margin per APCD.

Adjusted Gross Margin represent Gross Margin, adjusted for payroll and related, fuel, food, other operating expenses, and depreciation and amortization. Gross Margin is calculated pursuant to GAAP as total revenues less total cruise operating expenses, and depreciation and amortization.

Net Yields represent Adjusted Gross Margin per APCD. We utilize Adjusted Gross Margin and Net Yields to manage our business on a day-to-day basis as we believe that they are the most relevant measures of our pricing performance because they reflect the cruise revenues earned by us net of our most significant variable costs, which are commissions, transportation and other expenses, and onboard and other expenses.

For additional information see “Adjusted Measures of Financial Performance” below.

About Royal Caribbean Group

Royal Caribbean Group (NYSE: RCL) is one of the leading cruise companies in the world with a global fleet of 64 ships traveling to approximately 1,000 destinations around the world. Royal Caribbean Group is the owner and operator of three award winning cruise brands: Royal Caribbean International, Celebrity Cruises, and Silversea Cruises and it is also a 50% owner of a joint venture that operates TUI Cruises and Hapag-Lloyd Cruises. Together, the brands have an additional 10 ships on order as of December 31, 2022. Learn more at www.royalcaribbeangroup.com or www.rclinvestor.com.

Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements in this press release relating to, among other things, our future performance estimates, forecasts and projections constitute forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements include, but are not limited, to: statements regarding revenues, costs and financial results for 2023 and beyond, and expectations regarding credit profile. Words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “driving,” “estimate,” “expect,” “goal,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “will,” “would,” “considering,” and similar expressions are intended to help identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements reflect management’s current expectations, are based on judgments, are inherently uncertain and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, which could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from the future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied in those forward-looking statements. Examples of these risks, uncertainties and other factors include, but are not limited to, the following: the impact of contagious illnesses on economic conditions and the travel industry in general and the financial position and operating results of our Company in particular, such as: governmental and self-imposed travel restrictions and guest cancellations; our ability to obtain sufficient financing, capital or revenues to satisfy liquidity needs, capital expenditures, debt repayments and other financing needs; the effectiveness of the actions we have taken to improve and address our liquidity needs; the impact of the economic and geopolitical environment on key aspects of our business, such as the demand for cruises, passenger spending, and operating costs; incidents or adverse publicity concerning our ships, port facilities, land destinations and/or passengers or the cruise vacation industry in general; concerns over safety, health and security of guests and crew; further impairments of our goodwill, long-lived assets, equity investments and notes receivable; an inability to source our crew or our provisions and supplies from certain places; an increase in concern about the risk of illness on our ships or when travelling to or from our ships, all of which reduces demand; unavailability of ports of call; growing anti-tourism sentiments and environmental concerns; changes in U.S. foreign travel policy; the uncertainties of conducting business internationally and expanding into new markets and new ventures; our ability to recruit, develop and retain high quality personnel; changes in operating and financing costs; our indebtedness, any additional indebtedness we may incur and restrictions in the agreements governing our indebtedness that limit our flexibility in operating our business; the impact of foreign currency exchange rates, the impact of higher interest rate and food and fuel prices; the settlement of conversions of our convertible notes, if any, in shares of our common stock or a combination of cash and shares of our common stock, which may result in substantial dilution for our existing shareholders; our expectation that we will not declare or pay dividends on our common stock for the near future; vacation industry competition and changes in industry capacity and overcapacity; the risks and costs related to cyber security attacks, data breaches, protecting our systems and maintaining integrity and security of our business information, as well as personal data of our guests, employees and others; the impact of new or changing legislation and regulations (including environmental regulations) or governmental orders on our business; pending or threatened litigation, investigations and enforcement actions; the effects of weather, natural disasters and seasonality on our business; the impact of issues at shipyards, including ship delivery delays, ship cancellations or ship construction cost increases; shipyard unavailability; the unavailability or cost of air service; and uncertainties of a foreign legal system as we are not incorporated in the United States.

More information about factors that could affect our operating results is included under the caption “Risk Factors” in our most recent quarterly report on Form 10-Q, as well as our other filings with the SEC, copies of which may be obtained by visiting our Investor Relations website at www.rclinvestor.com or the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Undue reliance should not be placed on the forward-looking statements in this release, which are based on information available to us on the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Adjusted Measures of Financial Performance

This press release includes certain adjusted financial measures defined as non-GAAP financial measures under Securities and Exchange Commission rules, which we believe provide useful information to investors as a supplement to our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, or U.S. GAAP.

The presentation of adjusted financial information is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. These measures may be different from adjusted measures used by other companies. In addition, these adjusted measures are not based on any comprehensive set of accounting rules or principles. Adjusted measures have limitations in that they do not reflect all of the amounts associated with our results of operations as do the corresponding U.S. GAAP measures.

A reconciliation to the most comparable U.S. GAAP measure of all adjusted financial measures included in this press release can be found in the tables included at the end of this press release. We have not provided a quantitative reconciliation of the projected non-GAAP financial measures to the most comparable GAAP financial measures because preparation of meaningful U.S. GAAP projections would require unreasonable effort. Due to significant uncertainty, we are unable to predict, without unreasonable effort, the future movement of foreign exchange rates, fuel prices and interest rates inclusive of our related hedging programs. In addition, we are unable to determine the future impact of non-core business related gains and losses which may result from strategic initiatives. These items are uncertain and could be material to our results of operations in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Due to this uncertainty, we do not believe that reconciling information for such projected figures would be meaningful.

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(in thousands, except per share data)










Quarter Ended


Year Ended


December 31,


December 31,


2022


2021


2022


2021


(unaudited)


(unaudited)











Passenger ticket revenues

$          1,702,457


$             617,393


$          5,793,492


$             941,175

Onboard and other revenues

901,535


364,854


3,047,048


590,958

Total revenues

2,603,992


982,247


8,840,540


1,532,133

Cruise operating expenses:








Commissions, transportation and other

392,752


134,645


1,357,008


207,562

Onboard and other

146,329


61,164


596,554


116,946

Payroll and related

306,673


307,838


1,287,801


838,088

Food

202,763


89,771


653,139


164,389

Fuel

292,694


166,264


1,072,567


385,322

Other operating

441,231


375,822


1,647,267


945,205

Total cruise operating expenses

1,782,442


1,135,504


6,614,336


2,657,512

Marketing, selling and administrative expenses

444,358


503,055


1,582,929


1,370,076

Depreciation and amortization expenses

360,595


333,366


1,406,689


1,292,878

Impairment and credit losses

1,146


42,067


562


82,001

Operating Income (Loss)

15,451


(1,031,745)


(763,976)


(3,870,334)

Other income (expense):








Interest income

14,092


3,456


35,857


16,773

Interest expense, net of interest capitalized

(431,610)


(283,767)


(1,364,162)


(1,291,753)

Equity investment income (loss)

26,936


1,575


56,695


(135,469)

Other (expense) income (for 2021, includes
a $62.6 million net loss related to the 2021
elimination of the Silversea Cruises
reporting lag)

(125,075)


(46,487)


(120,376)


20,284


(515,657)


(325,223)


(1,391,986)


(1,390,165)

Net Loss

$           (500,206)


$        (1,356,968)


$        (2,155,962)


$        (5,260,499)









Loss per Share:








Basic

$                (1.96)


$                (5.33)


$                (8.45)


$               (20.89)

Diluted

$                (1.96)


$                (5.33)


$                (8.45)


$               (20.89)









Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding:








Basic

255,184


254,792


255,011


251,812

Diluted

255,184


254,792


255,011


251,812









Comprehensive Loss








Net Loss

$           (500,206)


$        (1,356,968)


$        (2,155,962)


$        (5,260,499)

Other comprehensive income (loss):








Foreign currency translation adjustments

(21,663)


4,448


10,295


15,703

Change in defined benefit plans

13,923


4,959


48,914


8,707

Gain (loss) on cash flow derivative hedges

157,003


(44,468)


8,462


4,046

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

149,263


(35,061)


67,671


28,456

Comprehensive Loss

$           (350,943)


$        (1,392,029)


$        (2,088,291)


$        (5,232,043)

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

STATISTICS

(unaudited)










Quarter Ended


Year Ended


December 31,


December 31,


2022


2021 (1)


2022


2021 (1)







Passengers Carried

1,746,130


703,177


5,536,335


1,030,403

Passenger Cruise Days

11,052,960


4,031,495


35,051,935


5,802,582

APCD

11,644,086


6,800,363


41,197,650


11,767,441

Occupancy

94.9 %


59.3 %


85.1 %


49.3 %



(1)

Due to the elimination of the Silversea Cruises three-month reporting lag in October of 2021, we include Silversea Cruises’ statistics from October 1 through December 31, 2021 in the quarter ended December 31, 2021, and from October 1, 2020 through June 30, 2021 and October 1 through December 31, 2021 in the year ended December 31, 2021. The year ended December 31, 2021 does not include July, August, and September 2021 statistics as Silversea Cruises’ results of operations for those months are included within Other (expense) income in our consolidated statements of comprehensive loss for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2021.

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share data)






As of


December 31,


December 31,


2022


2021


(unaudited)



Assets




Current assets




Cash and cash equivalents

$                1,935,005


$                2,701,770

Trade and other receivables, net of allowances of  $11,612 and $13,411 at
December 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively

531,066


408,067

Inventories

224,016


150,224

Prepaid expenses and other assets

455,836


286,026

Derivative financial instruments

59,083


54,184

Total current assets

3,205,006


3,600,271

Property and equipment, net

27,546,445


25,907,949

Operating lease right-of-use assets

537,559


542,128

Goodwill

809,277


809,383

Other assets, net of allowances of $71,614 and $86,781 at December 31, 2022
and December 31, 2021, respectively

1,678,074


1,398,624

Total assets

$              33,776,361


$              32,258,355





Liabilities and shareholders’ equity




Current liabilities




Current portion of long-term debt

$                2,087,711


$                2,243,131

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

79,760


68,922

Accounts payable

646,727


545,978

Accrued interest

388,828


251,974

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

1,071,129


887,575

Derivative financial instruments

131,312


127,236

Customer deposits

4,167,997


3,160,867

Total current liabilities

8,573,464


7,285,683

Long-term debt

21,303,480


18,847,209

Long-term operating lease liabilities

523,006


534,726

Other long-term liabilities

507,599


505,181

Total liabilities

30,907,549


27,172,799

Shareholders’ equity




Preferred stock ($0.01 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized; none
outstanding)


Common stock ($0.01 par value; 500,000,000 shares authorized;
283,257,102 and 282,703,246 shares issued, December 31, 2022 and
December 31, 2021, respectively)

2,832


2,827

Paid-in capital

7,284,852


7,557,297

(Accumulated deficit) retained earnings

(1,707,429)


302,276

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(643,214)


(710,885)

Treasury stock (28,018,385 and 27,882,987 common shares at cost,
December 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively)

(2,068,229)


(2,065,959)

Total shareholders’ equity

2,868,812


5,085,556

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

$              33,776,361


$              32,258,355

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)






Year Ended December 31,


2022


2021


(unaudited)



Operating Activities




Net Loss

$ (2,155,962)


$  (5,260,499)

Adjustments:




Depreciation and amortization

1,406,689


1,292,878

Impairment and credit losses

562


82,001

Net deferred income tax benefit

(21,576)


(42,979)

Loss (gain) on derivative instruments not designated as hedges

99,985


(1,492)

Share-based compensation expense

36,116


63,638

Equity investment (income) loss

(56,695)


135,469

Amortization of debt issuance costs

148,790


125,116

Amortization of debt discounts and premiums

13,978


123,439

Loss on extinguishment of debt

93,810


138,759

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:




Increase in trade and other receivables, net

(234,348)


(181,707)

Increase in inventories

(73,792)


(34,527)

Increase in prepaid expenses and other assets

(153,196)


(152,071)

Increase in accounts payable

74,657


188,518

Increase (decrease) in accrued interest

136,855


(694)

Increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities

215,981


235,446

Increase in customer deposits

1,007,129


1,426,647

Other, net

(57,126)


(15,757)

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

481,857


(1,877,815)





Investing Activities




Purchases of property and equipment

(2,710,063)


(2,229,704)

Cash received on settlement of derivative financial instruments

52,550


44,492

Cash paid on settlement of derivative financial instruments

(355,909)


(74,249)

Investments in and loans to unconsolidated affiliates


(70,228)

Cash received on loans to unconsolidated affiliates

18,650


31,334

Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment and other assets

421


176,039

Other, net

6,585


(22,423)

Net cash used in investing activities

(2,987,766)


(2,144,739)





Financing Activities




Debt proceeds

9,787,166


4,467,789

Debt issuance costs

(251,888)


(201,698)

Repayments of debt

(7,728,568)


(2,296,990)

Premium on repayment of debt

(49,367)


(135,372)

Repayments of commercial paper notes


(414,570)

Proceeds from common stock issuances


1,621,860

Other, net

(16,370)


(442)

Net cash provided by financing activities

1,740,973


3,040,577

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

(1,829)


(727)

Net (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

(766,765)


(982,704)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

2,701,770


3,684,474

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

$  1,935,005


$ 2,701,770





Supplemental Disclosures




Cash paid during the year for:




Interest, net of amount capitalized

$     959,907


$    834,245

Non-Cash Investing Activities




Notes receivable issued upon sale of property and equipment and other assets

$              —


$      16,000

Purchases of property and equipment included in accounts payable and accrued expenses and other
liabilities

$       33,853


$      14,097

Acquisition of property and equipment from assumed debt

$     277,000


$             —

Non-Cash Financing Activities




Debt related to acquisition of property and equipment

$     277,000


$             —

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

NON-GAAP RECONCILING INFORMATION

(unaudited)













Gross Cruise Costs, Net Cruise Costs and Net Cruise Costs excluding Fuel were calculated as follows (in thousands, except APCD and costs per APCD):














Quarter Ended December 31,


Year Ended December 31,


2022


2022 On a
Constant
Currency Basis


2019


2022


2022 On a
Constant
Currency Basis


2019

Total cruise operating

expenses

$        1,782,442


$                  —


$       1,481,519


$        6,614,336


$                  —


$        6,062,765

Marketing, selling and
administrative expenses

444,358



414,707


1,582,929



1,559,253

Gross Cruise Costs

2,226,800


2,245,145


1,896,226


8,197,265


8,247,096


7,622,018

Less:












Commissions, transportation
and other

392,752



377,287


1,357,008



1,656,297

Onboard and other

146,329



129,527


596,554



639,782

Net Cruise Costs including
other costs

1,687,719



1,389,412


6,243,703



5,325,939

Less:












Restructuring charges and
other initiatives expense (1)

5,177



13,707


11,625



13,707

Integration costs related to
Silversea Cruises acquisition (1)






862

Transaction costs related to
Silversea Cruises acquisition (1)






1,186

Costs, net of insurance recoveries,
related to the Oasis of the Seas incident (2)



2,932




14,530

Net Cruise Costs

1,682,542


1,693,131


1,372,773


6,232,078


6,262,111


5,295,654

Less:












Fuel

292,694



178,190


1,072,567



697,962

Net Cruise Costs excluding Fuel

$       1,389,848


$       1,400,436


$       1,194,583


$        5,159,511


$       5,189,542


$        4,597,692













APCD

11,644,086


11,644,086


10,401,177


41,197,650


41,197,650


41,432,451

Gross Cruise Costs per APCD

$            191.24


$            192.81


$            182.31


$            198.97


$            200.18


$            183.96

Net Cruise Costs per APCD

$            144.50


$            145.41


$            131.98


$            151.27


$            152.00


$            127.81

Net Cruise Costs excluding Fuel per APCD

$            119.36


$            120.27


$            114.85


$            125.24


$            125.97


$            110.97



(1)

Included within Marketing, selling and administrative expenses in our consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

(2)

Included within Total cruise operating expenses in our consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

NON-GAAP RECONCILING INFORMATION

(unaudited)

Gross Cruise Costs, Net Cruise Costs and Net Cruise Costs Excluding Fuel were calculated as follows (in thousands, except APCD and costs per APCD):








Quarter Ended


December 31, 2022


2022 On a
Constant
Currency Basis


September 30, 2022

Total cruise operating expenses

$                1,782,442


$                           —


$                1,956,263

Marketing, selling and administrative expenses

444,358



373,116

Gross Cruise Costs

2,226,800


2,227,726


2,329,379

Less:






Commissions, transportation and other

392,752



484,054

Onboard and other

146,329



220,216

Net Cruise Costs including other costs

1,687,719



1,625,109

Less:






Restructuring charges and other initiatives expense (1)

5,177



4,573

Net Cruise Costs

1,682,542


1,682,599


1,620,536

Less:






Fuel

292,694



316,214

Net Cruise Costs excluding Fuel

$                1,389,848


$                1,390,019


$                1,304,322







APCD

11,644,086


11,644,086


11,564,662

Gross Cruise Costs per APCD

$                     191.24


$                     191.32


$                     201.42

Net Cruise Costs per APCD

$                     144.50


$                     144.50


$                     140.13

Net Cruise Costs excluding Fuel per APCD

$                     119.36


$                     119.38


$                     112.79



(1)

Included within Marketing, selling and administrative expenses in our consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

NON-GAAP RECONCILING INFORMATION

(unaudited)

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA were calculated as follows (in thousands, except APCD and per APCD data):












Quarter Ended December 31,


Year Ended December 31,



2022


2021


2022


2021










Net Loss


$           (500,206)


$          (1,356,968)


$          (2,155,962)


$        (5,260,499)

Interest income


(14,092)


(3,456)


(35,857)


(16,773)

Interest expense, net of interest capitalized


431,610


283,767


1,364,162


1,291,753

Depreciation and amortization expenses


360,595


333,366


1,406,689


1,292,878

Income tax (benefit) expense (1)


(362)


(10,910)


4,153


(47,167)

EBITDA


277,545


(754,201)


583,185


(2,739,808)










Other expenses (2)


125,437


57,397


116,223


26,883

Impairment and credit losses


1,146


42,067


562


82,001

Restructuring charges and other initiatives
expense


5,177


111


11,625


1,831

Equity investment impairment (3)



5,302



31,344

Oasis of the Seas incident (4)





(6,584)

Pullmantur reorganization settlement (5)





10,242

Net gain related to the sale of the Azamara
brand



1,403



(3,371)

Adjusted EBITDA


$             409,305


$           (647,921)


$             711,595


$        (2,597,462)










APCD


11,644,086


6,800,363


41,197,650


11,767,441

Net Loss per APCD


$               (42.96)


$             (199.54)


$               (52.33)


$             (447.04)

Adjusted EBITDA per APCD


$                35.15


$               (95.28)


$                17.27


$             (220.73)



(1) 

Included within Other income (expense) in our consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

(2)

Represents net non-operating income or expense. For 2022, primarily relates to our estimate of amounts that may be payable in connection with the ongoing Havana Docks litigation plus related legal fees and costs. Excludes income tax (benefit) expense, included in the EBITDA calculation above.

(3)

Represents equity investment asset impairment, primarily for our investments in TUI Cruises GmbH in 2021 as a result of the impact of COVID-19.

(4)

Represents net insurance recoveries related to the collapse of the drydock structure at the Grand Bahama Shipyard involving Oasis of the Seas.

(5)

Represents estimated cash refunds expected to be paid to Pullmantur guests and other expenses incurred as part of the Pullmantur S.A. reorganization.

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

NON-GAAP RECONCILING INFORMATION

(unaudited)

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA were calculated as follows (in thousands, except APCD and per APCD data):






Year Ended December 31,



2019

Net Income attributable to Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.


$                     1,878,887

Interest income


(26,945)

Interest expense, net of interest capitalized


408,513

Depreciation and amortization expenses


1,245,942

Income tax expense (1)


32,602

EBITDA


3,538,999




Other income (2)


(8,089)

Grand Bahama’s drydock write-off and other incidental expenses


20,709

Restructuring charges and other initiatives expense


13,707

Oasis of the Seas incident (3)


14,530

Transaction and integration costs related to the 2018 Silversea acquisition


2,048

Non-controlling interest adjustment (4)


35,965

Adjusted EBITDA


$                       3,617,869




APCD


41,432,451

Net Income attributable to Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. per APCD


$                              45.35

Adjusted EBITDA per APCD


$                              87.32



(1)

Included within Other income (expense) in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).

(2)

Excludes income tax expense, included in the EBITDA calculation above.

(3)

Represents incidental costs, net of insurance recoveries, related to the collapse of the drydock structure at the Grand Bahama Shipyard involving Oasis of the Seas.

(4)

Adjustment made to exclude the impact of the contractual accretion requirements associated with the put option held by Heritage Cruise Holding Ltd.’s (previously known as Silversea Cruises Group Ltd.) noncontrolling interest, which noncontrolling interest we acquired on July 9, 2020.

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

NON-GAAP RECONCILING INFORMATION

(unaudited)

Adjusted Net Loss and Adjusted Loss per Share were calculated as follows (in thousands, except per share data):






Quarter Ended December 31,


Year Ended December 31,


2022


2021


2022


2021







Net Loss

$           (500,206)


$          (1,356,968)


$          (2,155,962)


$          (5,260,499)

Loss on extinguishment of debt

77,361



93,810


138,759

Convertible debt amortization of debt discount (1)


26,073



104,291

Pullmantur reorganization settlement (2)




10,242

Impairment and credit losses

1,146


42,067


562


82,001

Equity investment impairment (3)


5,302



31,344

Oasis of the Seas incident (4)




(6,584)

Restructuring charges and other initiatives expense

5,177


111


11,625


1,831

Amortization of Silversea Cruises intangible assets
related to Silversea Cruises acquisition

1,623


1,623


6,493


6,493

Net gain related to the sale of Azamara brand


1,403



(3,371)

Net loss related to the elimination of the Silversea
Cruises reporting lag (5)


62,604



62,604

Litigation loss contingency (6)

130,033



130,033


Adjusted Net Loss

$           (284,866)


$          (1,217,785)


$          (1,913,439)


$          (4,832,889)









Loss per Share – Diluted

$                (1.96)


$                (5.33)


$                (8.45)


$              (20.89)

Adjusted Loss per Share – Diluted

$                (1.12)


$                (4.78)


$                (7.50)


$              (19.19)









Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding – Diluted

255,184


254,792


255,011


251,812



(1)

Represents the amortization of non-cash debt discount on our convertible notes.

(2)

Represents estimated cash refunds expected to be paid to Pullmantur guests and other expenses incurred as part of the Pullmantur S.A. reorganization.

(3)

Represents equity investment asset impairment, primarily for our investments in TUI Cruises GmbH in 2021 as a result of the impact of COVID-19

(4)

Amounts include net insurance recoveries related to the collapse of the drydock structure at the Grand Bahama Shipyard involving Oasis of the Seas.

(5)

Represents the net loss related to the elimination of the Silversea Cruises reporting lag in 2021.

(6)

Represents our estimate of amounts that may be payable in connection with the ongoing Havana Docks litigation plus related legal fees and costs.

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

NON-GAAP RECONCILING INFORMATION

(unaudited)

Total revenues per PCDs  were calculated as follows (in thousands, except PCDs data):








Quarter Ended December 31,


2022


2022 On a
Constant
Currency Basis


2019

Passenger ticket revenues

$       1,702,457


$                   —


$         1,784,458

Onboard and other revenues

901,535




732,955

Total revenues

$       2,603,992


$        2,629,801


$         2,517,413







PCDs

11,052,960


11,052,960


11,057,419

Total revenues per PCDs

$             235.6


$               237.9


$               227.7

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

NON-GAAP RECONCILING INFORMATION

(unaudited)

Gross Margin Yields, and Net Yields were calculated as follows (in thousands, except APCD and Yields):














Quarter Ended September 30,


Quarter Ended December 31,


2022


2022 On a
Constant
Currency Basis


2019


2022


2022 On a
Constant
Currency Basis


2019

Total revenues

$      2,993,075


$                   —


$      3,186,850


$      2,603,992


$                   —


$      2,517,413

Less:












Cruise operating
expenses

1,956,263



1,623,038


1,782,442



1,481,519

Depreciation and
amortization expenses

355,085



320,295


360,595



321,762

Gross Margin

681,727


700,188


1,243,517


460,955


477,156


714,132

Add:












Payroll and related

304,369



263,993


306,673



280,027

Food

194,966



149,621


202,763



147,903

Fuel

316,214



177,677


292,694



178,190

Other operating

436,444



342,170


441,231



368,585

Depreciation and
amortization expenses

355,085



320,295


360,595



321,762

Adjusted Gross Margin

$      2,288,805


$       2,311,122


$       2,497,273


$       2,064,911


$       2,083,243


$       2,010,599













APCD

11,564,662


11,564,662


10,733,254


11,644,086


11,644,086


10,401,177

Gross Margin Yields

$              58.95


$              60.55


$            115.86


$              39.59


$              40.98


$              68.66

Net Yields

$            197.91


$            199.84


$            232.67


$            177.34


$            178.91


$            193.30

SOURCE Royal Caribbean Group

ROYAL CARIBBEAN GROUP REPORTS 2022 RESULTS AND PROVIDES FORWARD GUIDANCE

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